Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

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Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2017
Notes  
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

NOTE 2 - SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

Cash and cash equivalents

The Company considers cash and cash equivalents to include all stable, highly liquid investments with an original maturity of three months or less from the date of purchase.

 

Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period.  Actual results could differ from those estimates.

 

Revenue recognition

Revenue is derived on a per transaction basis through the Company’s gateway and payments platforms.  The Company also earns revenue for services, account establishment fees and licensure on Software as a Service (“SaaS”) basis, and on a performance basis, such as when a client acquires a new customer through our platform. Revenue is recognized in accordance with Staff Accounting Bulletin (“SAB”) No. 101, “Revenue Recognition in Financial Statements,” as revised by SAB No. 104. As such, the Company recognizes revenue when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, title transfer has occurred, the price is fixed or readily determinable, and collectability is probable. Sales are recorded net of sales discounts.

 

Accounts receivable, net

Accounts receivable is reported at the customers’ outstanding balances, less any allowance for doubtful accounts.  An allowance for doubtful accounts on accounts receivable is charged to operations in amounts sufficient to maintain the allowance for uncollectible accounts at a level management believes is adequate to cover any probable losses.  Management determines the adequacy of the allowance based on historical write-off percentages and information collected from individual customers.  Accounts receivable are charged off against the allowance when collectability is determined to be permanently impaired.

 

Property and equipment

Property and equipment are stated at cost.  Major renewals and improvements are charged to the asset accounts while replacements, maintenance and repairs that do not improve or extend the lives of the respective assets are expensed.  At the time property and equipment are retired or otherwise disposed of, the asset and related accumulated depreciation accounts are relieved of the applicable amounts.  Gains or losses from retirements or sales are credited or charged to income.

 

Depreciation is computed on the straight-line and accelerated methods for financial reporting purposes based upon the following estimated useful lives:

 

Computer software

10 years

Computer hardware

5 years

Office furniture

7 years

 

Long-lived assets

The Company accounts for its long-lived assets in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 360-10-05, “Accounting for the Impairment or Disposal of Long-Lived Assets.”  ASC Topic 360-10-05 requires that long-lived assets be reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the historical cost carrying value of an asset may no longer be appropriate.  The Company assesses recoverability of the carrying value of an asset by estimating the future net cash flows expected to result from the asset, including eventual disposition.  If the future net cash flows are less than the carrying value of the asset, an impairment loss is recorded equal to the difference between the asset’s carrying value and fair value or disposable value.

 

Fair value of financial instruments

We account for non-recurring fair value measurements of our non-financial assets and liabilities in accordance with ASC 820-10 Fair Value Measurement. This guidance defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value and addresses required disclosures about fair value measurements. This standard establishes a three-level hierarchy for fair value measurements based upon the significant inputs used to determine fair value. Observable inputs are those which are obtained from market participants external to the Company while unobservable inputs are generally developed internally, utilizing management’s estimates, assumptions and specific knowledge of the assets/liabilities and related markets. The three levels are defined as follows:

 

·      Level 1 - Valuation is based on quoted prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities.

 

·      Level 2 - Valuation is determined from quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar instruments in markets that are not active, or by model-based techniques in which all significant inputs are observable in the market.

 

·      Level 3 - Valuation is derived from model-based techniques in which at least one significant input is unobservable and based on the company’s own estimates about the assumptions that market participants would use to value the asset or liability.

 

If the only observable inputs are from inactive markets or for transactions which the Company evaluates as “distressed”, the use of Level 1 inputs should be modified by the company to properly address these factors, or the reliance of such inputs may be limited, with a greater weight attributed to Level 3 inputs.

 

Due to the short-term nature of our financial assets and liabilities, we consider their carrying amounts to approximate fair value.

 

Goodwill

The Company accounts for goodwill in accordance with ASC Topic 805-30-25, “Accounting for Business Combinations” (“ASC Topic 805-30-25”) and ASC Topic 350-20-35, “Accounting for Goodwill - Subsequent Measurement” (“ASC Topic 350-20-35”).

 

ASC Topic 805-30-25 requires that the acquirer recognize goodwill as of the acquisition date as the excess of the fair value of the consideration transferred over the fair value of the net acquisition-date amounts of the identifiable assets and liabilities assumed.

 

ASC Topic 350-20-35 requires that goodwill acquired in a purchase and determined to have an indefinite useful life is not amortized, but instead tested for impairment annually or more frequently when events or circumstances indicate that the carrying value of a reporting unit more likely than not exceeds its fair value. The Company’s annual goodwill impairment testing date is December 31 of each year. The Company first assesses qualitative factors to determine whether it’s necessary to perform the two-step goodwill impairment test. Impairment is the condition that exists when the carrying amount of goodwill exceeds its implied fair value. If the qualitative assessment results in an indication that it’s more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount, then a quantitative assessment must be performed. Management has determined that the Company has one reporting unit for purposes of testing goodwill.

 

The quantitative analysis involves estimating the fair value of its reporting unit utilizing a combination of valuation methods including market capitalization, the income approach and cash flows. Income and cash flow forecasts were used in the evaluation of goodwill based on management’s estimate of future performance. If goodwill is determined to be impaired as a result of this analysis, an impairment loss is recorded equal to the difference between the asset’s carrying value and fair value.  The Company recorded no impairment to goodwill during the two quarters ended June 30, 2017 or June 30, 2016.  Goodwill was fully impaired at December 31, 2016.

 

Capitalized software development costs

The Company sometimes capitalizes internal software development costs after establishing technological feasibility of a software application. Capitalized software development costs represent the costs associated with the development of the Company’s software applications used to generate revenue from our customers.  Amortization of such costs is recorded on a software application-by-application basis, based on the greater of the proportion of current year sales to the total of current and estimated future sales for the applications or the straight-line method over the remaining estimated useful life of the software application. The Company continually evaluates the recoverability of capitalized software costs, if any, and charges to operations amounts that are deemed unrecoverable for projects it abandons.  The Company had no capitalized software development costs during the three and six months ended June 30, 2017. The Company recorded an impairment to its software development costs of $43,657 for the quarter ended June 30, 2016.  Capitalized software development costs were zero at December 31, 2016.

 

Beneficial Conversion Feature

If the conversion features of conventional convertible debt provide for a rate of conversion that is below market value, this feature is characterized as a beneficial conversion feature (“BCF”). A BCF is recorded by the Company as a debt discount pursuant to ASC Topic 470-20 “Debt with Conversion and Other Options.” In those circumstances, the convertible debt is recorded net of the discount related to the BCF and the Company amortizes the discount to interest expense over the life of the debt using the effective interest method.

 

Debt Discount

The Company determines if the convertible debenture should be accounted for as liability or equity under ASC 480, Liabilities - Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity (“ASC 480”). ASC 480, applies to certain contracts involving a company’s own equity, and requires that issuers classify the following freestanding financial instruments as liabilities. Mandatorily redeemable financial instruments, obligations that require or may require repurchase of the issuer’s equity shares by transferring assets (e.g., written put options and forward purchase contracts), and certain obligations where at inception the monetary value of the obligation is based solely or predominantly on:

 

·      A fixed monetary amount known at inception, for example, a payable settleable with a variable number of the issuer’s equity shares with an issuance date fair value equal to a fixed dollar amount,

 

·      Variations in something other than the fair value of the issuer’s equity shares, for example, a financial instrument indexed to the S&P 500 and settleable with a variable number of the issuer’s equity shares, or

 

·      Variations inversely related to changes in the fair value of the issuer’s equity shares, for example, a written put that could be net share settled.

 

If the entity determined the instrument meets the guidance under ASC 480 the instrument is accounted for as a liability with a respective debt discount. The Company records debt discounts in connection with raising funds through the issuance of promissory notes (see Notes 8 and 9). These costs are amortized to non-cash interest expense over the life of the debt. If a conversion of the underlying debt occurs, a proportionate share of the unamortized amounts is immediately expensed.

 

Stock-based compensation

The Company accounts for stock-based payments to employees in accordance with ASC 718, “Stock Compensation” (“ASC 718”).  Stock-based payments to employees include grants of stock, grants of stock options and issuance of warrants that are recognized in the statement of operations based on their fair values at the date of grant.

 

The Company accounts for stock-based payments to non-employees in accordance with ASC 505-50, “Equity-Based Payments to Non-Employees” (“ASC 505-50”). Stock-based payments to non-employees include grants of stock, grants of stock options and issuances of warrants that are recognized in the statement of operations based on the value of the vested portion of the award over the requisite service period as measured at its then-current fair value as of each financial reporting date. The Company calculates the fair value of option grants and warrant issuances utilizing the Black-Scholes pricing model.  The amount of stock-based compensation recognized during a period is based on the value of the portion of the awards that are ultimately expected to vest.  ASC 718 requires forfeitures to be estimated at the time stock options are granted and warrants are issued to employees and non-employees, and revised, if necessary, in subsequent periods if actual forfeitures differ from those estimates.  The term “forfeitures” is distinct from “cancellations” or “expirations” and represents only the unvested portion of the surrendered stock option or warrant.

 

The Company estimates forfeiture rates for all unvested awards when calculating the expense for the period.  In estimating the forfeiture rate, the Company monitors both stock option and warrant exercises as well as employee termination patterns.  The resulting stock-based compensation expense for both employee and non-employee awards is generally recognized as compensation under ASC Topic 505-50.  In accordance with ASC 505-50, the cost of stock-based compensation is measured at the grant date based on the value of the award and is recognized over the vesting period. The value of the stock-based award is determined using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model, whereby compensation cost is the excess of the fair value of the award as determined by the pricing model at the grant date or other measurement date over the amount that must be paid to acquire the stock.

 

Loss per share

We report earnings (loss) per share in accordance with ASC Topic 260-10, "Earnings per Share." Basic earnings (loss) per share is computed by dividing income (loss) available to common shareholders by the weighted average number of common shares available. Diluted earnings (loss) per share is computed similar to basic earnings (loss) per share except that the denominator is increased to include the number of additional common shares that would have been outstanding if the potential common shares had been issued and if the additional common shares were dilutive. Diluted earnings (loss) per share has not been presented since the effect of the assumed conversion of warrants and debt to purchase common shares would have an anti-dilutive effect. Potential common shares as of June 30, 2017 that have been excluded from the computation of diluted net loss per share were 3,862,920 shares and include 1,625,420 warrants and 2,237,500 options. At June 30, 2017, 690,000 of the 2,237,500 potential common shares that could be issued upon the exercise of the options had not vested, and 50,000 of the 1,625,420 common shares that could be issued upon the exercise of the warrants had not vested.

 

Income taxes

The Company accounts for its income taxes under the provisions of “Income Taxes” (“ASC 740”).  The method of accounting for income taxes under ASC 740 is an asset and liability method. The asset and liability method requires the recognition of deferred tax liabilities and assets for the expected future tax consequences of temporary differences between tax bases and financial reporting bases of other assets and liabilities. The Company did not recognize any deferred tax liabilities or assets at December 31, 2016 or during the six months ended June 30, 2017 or June 30, 2016.

 

Recent accounting pronouncements

The Company continually assesses any new accounting pronouncements to determine their applicability to the Company. Where it is determined that a new accounting pronouncement affects the Company’s financial reporting, the Company undertakes a study to determine the consequence of the change to its financial statements and assures that there are proper controls in place to ascertain that the Company’s financials properly reflect the change.

 

In January 2017, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2017-04 Intangibles-Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment (“ASU 2017-04”). This guidance removes Step 2 of the goodwill impairment test, which requires a hypothetical purchase price allocation.  Under the amended guidance, a goodwill impairment charge will now be recognized for the amount by which the carrying value of a reporting unit exceeds its fair value, not to exceed the carrying amount of goodwill. This guidance is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2019, with early adoption permitted for any impairment tests performed after January 1, 2017.

 

In January 2017, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2017-01 Business Combinations (Topic 805): Clarifying the Definition of a Business (“ASU 2017-01”), which clarifies the definition of a business and assists entities with evaluating whether transactions should be accounted for as acquisitions (or disposals) of assets or businesses. Under this guidance, when substantially all the fair value of gross assets acquired is concentrated in a single asset (or group of similar assets), the assets acquired would not represent a business. In addition, to be considered a business, an acquisition would have to include at a minimum an input and a substantive process that together significantly contribute to the ability to create an output. The amended guidance also narrows the definition of outputs by more closely aligning it with how outputs are described in FASB guidance for revenue recognition. This guidance is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017, with early adoption permitted.